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\input texinfo                  @c -*- Texinfo -*-
@c %**start of header
@include version.texi
@settitle The Libgpg-error Reference Manual
@c Unify some of the indices.
@syncodeindex tp fn
@syncodeindex pg fn
@c %**end of header
This manual is for Libgpg-error (version @value{VERSION},
@value{UPDATED}), which is a library for code used by all GnuPG
related packages.

Copyright @copyright{} 2014 g10 Code GmbH

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version. The text of the license can be found in the
section entitled ``GNU General Public License''.
@end quotation
@end copying

@dircategory Libraries
* libgpg-error: (gnupg).   Error codes and common code for GnuPG.
@end direntry

@c A couple of macros with no effect on texinfo
@c but used by the yat2m processor.
@macro manpage {a}
@end macro
@macro mansect {a}
@end macro
@macro manpause
@end macro
@macro mancont
@end macro

@c Printing stuff taken from gcc.
@macro gnupgtabopt{body}
@end macro

@c Titlepage
@setchapternewpage odd
@title The Libgpg-error Reference Manual
@subtitle Version @value{VERSION}
@subtitle @value{UPDATED}
@author Werner Koch (@email{})

@vskip 0pt plus 1filll
@end titlepage

@end ifnothtml

@node Top
@top The Libgpg-error Library
@end ifnottex

* Introduction::                 What is Libgpg-error.
* Preparation::                  What you should do before using the library.
* Generalities::                 General library functions and data types.
* Tools::                        Utility tools


* Library Copying::             The GNU Lesser General Public License
                                says how you can copy and share Libgpg-error.
* Copying::                     The GNU General Public License says how you
                                can copy and share some parts of Libgpg-error.


@c * Figures and Tables::          Index of figures and tables.
* Concept Index::               Index of concepts and programs.
* Function and Data Index::     Index of functions, variables and data types.

@end menu

@end ifhtml

@c **********************************************************
@c *******************  Introduction  ***********************
@c **********************************************************
@node Introduction
@chapter Introduction

Libgpg-error is a library to provide error codes for GnuPG and relates
software as well as some other general purpose functions.  It is
planned to eventually rename this library to ``gpgrt'' (for GnuPG

* Getting Started::             How to use this manual.
* Features::                    A glance at Libgpg-error’s features.
* Overview::                    Overview about the library.
@end menu

@node Getting Started
@section Getting Started

This manual documents the Libgpg-error library application programming
interface (API).  The goal is to that all functions and data types
provided by the library are explained.  However, for now this is only
a stub and not very useful.

@node Features
@section Features


@node Overview
@section Overview

The Libgpg-error library is fully thread-safe, where it makes
sense to be thread-safe.


@c **********************************************************
@c *******************  Preparation  ************************
@c **********************************************************
@node Preparation
@chapter Preparation

To use Libgpg-error, you have to perform some changes to your
sources and the build system.  The necessary changes are small and
explained in the following sections.  At the end of this chapter, it
is described how the library is initialized, and how the requirements
of the library are verified.

* Header::                      What header file you need to include.
* Building sources::            How to build sources using the library.
* Building sources using Automake::  How to build sources with the help of Automake.
* Initializing the library::    How to initialize the library.
* Multi-Threading::             How Libgpg-error can be used in a MT environment.
@end menu

@node Header
@section Header

All interfaces (data types and functions) of the library are defined
in the header file @file{libgpg-error.h}.  You must include this in all source
files using the library, either directly or through some other header
file, like this:

#include <libgpg-error.h>
@end example

Note well that the header file is platform specific and may only be
used on the platform for which it has been build.

The name space of Libgpg-error is @code{gpg_*} and @code{gpgrt*}
for function and type names and @code{GPG_*} and @code{GPGRT_*}
for other symbols.  In addition the same name prefixes with one
prepended underscore are reserved for internal use and should never be
used by an application.

Certain parts of gpg-error.h may be included by defining these macros:

@table @code
Define to provide macros to map the internal gettext API to standard
names.  This has only an effect on Windows platforms.

Define to provide "es_" macros for the estream functions.
@end table

@node Building sources
@section Building sources

If you want to compile a source file including the `gpg-error.h' header
file, you must make sure that the compiler can find it in the
directory hierarchy.  This is accomplished by adding the path to the
directory in which the header file is located to the compilers include
file search path (via the @option{-I} option).

However, the path to the include file is determined at the time the
source is configured.  To solve this problem, Libgpg-error ships with
the small helper programs @command{gpg-error-config} and
@command{gpgrt-config} which both know the path to the include file
and other configuration options.  The options that need to be added to
the compiler invocation at compile time are output by the
@option{--cflags} option to @command{gpg-error-config} (or
@command{gpgrt-config}.  The following example shows how it can be
used at the command line:

gcc -c foo.c $(gpg-error-config --cflags)
@end example

or with the identical

gcc -c foo.c $(gpgrt-config --cflags)
@end example

Adding the output of @samp{gpg-error-config --cflags} to the
compiler’s command line will ensure that the compiler can find the
Libgpg-error header file.

A similar problem occurs when linking the program with the library.
Again, the compiler has to find the library files.  For this to work,
the path to the library files has to be added to the library search
path (via the @option{-L} option).  For this, the option
@option{--libs} to @command{gpg-error-config} can be used.  The
example shows how to link @file{foo.o} with the Libgpg-error library
to a program @command{foo}.

gcc -o foo foo.o $(gpg-error-config --libs)
@end example

Of course you can also combine both examples to a single command by
specifying both options to @command{gpg-error-config}:

gcc -o foo foo.c $(gpg-error-config --cflags --libs)
@end example

@node Building sources using Automake
@section Building sources using Automake

It is much easier if you use GNU Automake instead of writing your own
Makefiles.  If you do that, you do not have to worry about finding and
invoking the @command{gpg-error-config} script at all.  Libgpg-error
provides an extension to Automake that does all the work for you.

@c A simple macro for optional variables.
@macro ovar{varname}
@end macro
@defmac AM_PATH_GPG_ERROR (@ovar{minimum-version}, @ovar{action-if-found}, @ovar{action-if-not-found})
Check whether Libgpg-error (at least version @var{minimum-version}, if
given) exists on the host system.  If it is found, execute
@var{action-if-found}, otherwise do @var{action-if-not-found}, if

Additionally, the function defines @code{GPG_ERROR_CFLAGS} to the
flags needed for compilation of the program to find the
@file{gpg-error.h} header file, and @code{GPG_ERROR_LIBS} to the
linker flags needed to link the program to the Libgpg-error library.  If
the used helper script does not match the target type you are building
for a warning is printed and the string @code{libgpg-error} is
appended to the variable @code{gpg_config_script_warn}.

This macro searches for @command{gpg-error-config} along the PATH.  If
you are cross-compiling, it is useful to set the environment variable
@code{SYSROOT} to the top directory of your target.  The macro will
then first look for the helper program in the @file{bin} directory
below that top directory.  An absolute directory name must be used for
@code{SYSROOT}.  Finally, if the configure command line option
@code{--with-libgpg-error-prefix} is used, only its value is used for
the top directory below which the helper script is expected.

@end defmac

You can use the defined Autoconf variables like this in your

@end example

@node Initializing the library
@section Initializing the library

Before the library can be used, it should initialize itself.  This is
achieved by invoking the function @code{gpgrt_check_version} described

Also, it is often desirable to check that the version of
Libgpg-error used is indeed one which fits all requirements.
Even with binary compatibility, new features may have been introduced,
but due to problem with the dynamic linker an old version may actually
be used.  So you may want to check that the version is okay right
after program startup.

@deftypefun {const char *} gpgrt_check_version (const char *@var{req_version})

The function @code{gpgrt_check_version} initializes some subsystems used
by Libgpg-error and must be invoked before any other function in the

Furthermore, this function returns the version number of the library.
It can also verify that the version number is higher than a certain
required version number @var{req_version}, if this value is not a null
@end deftypefun

@node Multi-Threading
@section Multi-Threading


@c **********************************************************
@c *******************  General  ****************************
@c **********************************************************
@node Generalities
@chapter Generalities

TBD.  (Description of the error function may be taken from Libgcrypt.)

@c **********************************************************
@c *********************  Tools  ****************************
@c **********************************************************
@node Tools
@chapter Tools

* gpg-error-config::    Print required compiler flags
@end menu

@c The original version of this man page has been written for Debian and was
@c contributed to libgpg-error by Daniel Kahn Gillmor <>.
@manpage gpg-error-config.1
@node gpg-error-config
@section Print required compiler flags
@ifset manverb
.B gpg-error-config
\- Script to get information about the installed version of libgpg-error
@end ifset

@mansect synopsis
@ifset manverb
.B  gpg-error-config
.RI [ options ]
@end ifset

@mansect description
@command{gpg-error-config} is a tool that is used to configure to
determine the compiler and linker flags that should be used to compile
and link programs that use Libgpg-error. It is also used
internally to the @code{.m4} macros for GNU autoconf that are included
with Libgpg-error.

@mansect options
@command{gpg-error-config} accepts the following options:

@table @gnupgtabopt

@item  --mt
Provide output appropriate for multithreaded programs.  @option{--mt}
is only useful when combined with other options, and must be the first
option if present.

@item --version
Print the currently installed version of Libgpg-error on the
standard output.

@item --libs
Print the linker flags that are necessary to link a program using

@item --cflags
Print the compiler flags that are necessary to compile a program using

@item --prefix=@var{prefix}
If specified, use @var{prefix} instead of the installation prefix that
Libgpg-error was built with when computing the output for the
@option{--cflags} and @option{--libs} options.  This option is also
used for the exec prefix if @option{--exec-prefix} was not specified.
This option must be specified before any @option{--libs} or
@code{--cflags} options.

@item --exec-prefix=@var{prefix}
If specified, use @var{prefix} instead of the installation exec prefix
that Libgpg-error was built with when computing the output for the
@option{--cflags} and @option{--libs} options.  This option must be
specified before any @option{--libs} or @option{--cflags} options.

@end table


@c **********************************************************
@c *************  Appendices (license etc.)  ****************
@c **********************************************************
@include lgpl.texi

@include gpl.texi

@c @node Figures and Tables
@c #@unnumbered List of Figures and Tables
@c @listoffloats Figure
@c @listoffloats Table

@node Concept Index
@unnumbered Concept Index

@printindex cp

@node Function and Data Index
@unnumbered Function and Data Index

@printindex fn