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/*
Copyright (C) 2004, 2008, 2011 Rocky Bernstein <rocky@gnu.org>
Copyright (C) 1998 Monty xiphmont@mit.edu
This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/
/***
* Gap analysis support code for paranoia
*
***/
#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include "config.h"
# define __CDIO_CONFIG_H__ 1
#endif
#include "p_block.h"
#include <cdio/paranoia/paranoia.h>
#include "gap.h"
#include <string.h>
/**** Gap analysis code ***************************************************/
/* ===========================================================================
* i_paranoia_overlap_r (internal)
*
* This function seeks backward through two vectors (starting at the given
* offsets) to determine how many consecutive samples agree. It returns
* the number of matching samples, which may be 0.
*
* Unlike its sibling, i_paranoia_overlap_f, this function doesn't need to
* be given the size of the vectors (all vectors stop at offset 0).
*
* This function is used by i_analyze_rift_r() below to find where a
* leading rift ends.
*/
long int
i_paranoia_overlap_r(int16_t *buffA,int16_t *buffB,
long offsetA, long offsetB)
{
long beginA=offsetA;
long beginB=offsetB;
/* Start at the given offsets and work our way backwards until we hit
* the beginning of one of the vectors.
*/
for( ; beginA>=0 && beginB>=0; beginA--,beginB-- )
if (buffA[beginA] != buffB[beginB]) break;
return(offsetA-beginA);
}
/* ===========================================================================
* i_paranoia_overlap_f (internal)
*
* This function seeks forward through two vectors (starting at the given
* offsets) to determine how many consecutive samples agree. It returns
* the number of matching samples, which may be 0.
*
* Unlike its sibling, i_paranoia_overlap_r, this function needs to given
* the size of the vectors.
*
* This function is used by i_analyze_rift_f() below to find where a
* trailing rift ends.
*/
long int
i_paranoia_overlap_f(int16_t *buffA,int16_t *buffB,
long offsetA, long offsetB,
long sizeA,long sizeB)
{
long endA=offsetA;
long endB=offsetB;
/* Start at the given offsets and work our way forward until we hit
* the end of one of the vectors.
*/
for(;endA<sizeA && endB<sizeB;endA++,endB++)
if(buffA[endA]!=buffB[endB])break;
return(endA-offsetA);
}
/* ===========================================================================
* i_stutter_or_gap (internal)
*
* This function compares (gap) samples of two vectors at the given offsets.
* It returns 0 if all the samples are identical, or nonzero if they differ.
*
* This is used by i_analyze_rift_[rf] below to determine whether a rift
* contains samples dropped by the other vector (that should be inserted),
* or whether the rift contains a stutter (that should be dropped). See
* i_analyze_rift_[rf] for more details.
*/
int
i_stutter_or_gap(int16_t *A, int16_t *B,long offA, long offB, long int gap)
{
long a1=offA;
long b1=offB;
/* If the rift was so big that there aren't enough samples in the other
* vector to compare against the full gap, then just compare what we
* have available. E.g.:
*
* (5678)|(newly matching run ...)
* (... 12345678)| (345678) |(newly matching run ...)
*
* In this case, a1 would be -2, since we'd want to compare 6 samples
* against a vector that had only 4. So we start 2 samples later, and
* compare the 4 available samples.
*
* Again, this approach to identifying stutters is simply a heuristic,
* so this may not produce correct results in all cases.
*/
if(a1<0){
/* Note that a1 is negative, so we're increasing b1 and decreasing (gap).
*/
b1-=a1;
gap+=a1;
a1=0;
}
/* Note that we don't have an equivalent adjustment for leading rifts.
* Thus, it's possible for the following memcmp() to run off the end
* of A. See the bug note in i_analyze_rift_r().
*/
/* Multiply gap by 2 because samples are 2 bytes long and memcmp compares
* at the byte level.
*/
return(memcmp(A+a1,B+b1,gap*2));
}
/* riftv is the first value into the rift -> or <- */
/* ===========================================================================
* i_analyze_rift_f (internal)
*
* This function examines a trailing rift to see how far forward the rift goes
* and to determine what kind of rift it is. This function is called by
* i_stage2_each() when a trailing rift is detected. (aoffset,boffset) are
* the offsets into (A,B) of the first mismatching sample.
*
* This function returns:
* matchA > 0 if there are (matchA) samples missing from A
* matchA < 0 if there are (-matchA) duplicate samples (stuttering) in A
* matchB > 0 if there are (matchB) samples missing from B
* matchB < 0 if there are (-matchB) duplicate samples in B
* matchC != 0 if there are (matchC) samples of garbage, after which
* both A and B are in sync again
*/
void
i_analyze_rift_f(int16_t *A,int16_t *B,
long sizeA, long sizeB,
long aoffset, long boffset,
long *matchA,long *matchB,long *matchC)
{
long apast=sizeA-aoffset;
long bpast=sizeB-boffset;
long i;
*matchA=0, *matchB=0, *matchC=0;
/* Look forward to see where we regain agreement between vectors
* A and B (of at least MIN_WORDS_RIFT samples). We look for one of
* the following possible matches:
*
* edge
* v
* (1) (... A matching run)|(aoffset matches ...)
* (... B matching run)| (rift) |(boffset+i matches ...)
*
* (2) (... A matching run)| (rift) |(aoffset+i matches ...)
* (... B matching run)|(boffset matches ...)
*
* (3) (... A matching run)| (rift) |(aoffset+i matches ...)
* (... B matching run)| (rift) |(boffset+i matches ...)
*
* Anything that doesn't match one of these three is too corrupt to
* for us to recover from. E.g.:
*
* (... A matching run)| (rift) |(eventual match ...)
* (... B matching run)| (big rift) |(eventual match ...)
*
* We won't find the eventual match, since we wouldn't be sure how
* to fix the rift.
*/
for(i=1;;i++){
/* Search for whatever case we hit first, so as to end up with the
* smallest rift.
*/
/* Don't search for (1) past the end of B */
if (i<bpast)
/* See if we match case (1) above, which either means that A dropped
* samples at the rift, or that B stuttered.
*/
if(i_paranoia_overlap_f(A,B,aoffset,boffset+i,sizeA,sizeB)>=MIN_WORDS_RIFT){
*matchA=i;
break;
}
/* Don't search for (2) or (3) past the end of A */
if (i<apast) {
/* See if we match case (2) above, which either means that B dropped
* samples at the rift, or that A stuttered.
*/
if(i_paranoia_overlap_f(A,B,aoffset+i,boffset,sizeA,sizeB)>=MIN_WORDS_RIFT){
*matchB=i;
break;
}
/* Don't search for (3) past the end of B */
if (i<bpast)
/* See if we match case (3) above, which means that a fixed-length
* rift of samples is getting read unreliably.
*/
if(i_paranoia_overlap_f(A,B,aoffset+i,boffset+i,sizeA,sizeB)>=MIN_WORDS_RIFT){
*matchC=i;
break;
}
}else
/* Stop searching when we've reached the end of both vectors.
* In theory we could stop when there aren't MIN_WORDS_RIFT samples
* left in both vectors, but this case should happen fairly rarely.
*/
if(i>=bpast)break;
/* Try the search again with a larger tentative rift. */
}
if(*matchA==0 && *matchB==0 && *matchC==0)return;
if(*matchC)return;
/* For case (1) or (2), we need to determine whether the rift contains
* samples dropped by the other vector (that should be inserted), or
* whether the rift contains a stutter (that should be dropped). To
* distinguish, we check the contents of the rift against the good samples
* just before the rift. If the contents match, then the rift contains
* a stutter.
*
* A stutter in the second vector:
* (...good samples... 1234)|(567 ...newly matched run...)
* (...good samples... 1234)| (1234) | (567 ...newly matched run)
*
* Samples missing from the first vector:
* (...good samples... 1234)|(901 ...newly matched run...)
* (...good samples... 1234)| (5678) |(901 ...newly matched run...)
*
* Of course, there's no theoretical guarantee that a non-stutter
* truly represents missing samples, but given that we're dealing with
* verified fragments in stage 2, we can have some confidence that this
* is the case.
*/
if(*matchA){
/* For case (1), we need to determine whether A dropped samples at the
* rift or whether B stuttered.
*
* If the rift doesn't match the good samples in A (and hence in B),
* it's not a stutter, and the rift should be inserted into A.
*/
if(i_stutter_or_gap(A,B,aoffset-*matchA,boffset,*matchA))
return;
/* It is a stutter, so we need to signal that we need to remove
* (matchA) bytes from B.
*/
*matchB = -*matchA;
*matchA=0;
return;
}else{
/* Case (2) is the inverse of case (1) above. */
if(i_stutter_or_gap(B,A,boffset-*matchB,aoffset,*matchB))
return;
*matchA = -*matchB;
*matchB=0;
return;
}
}
/* riftv must be first even val of rift moving back */
/* ===========================================================================
* i_analyze_rift_r (internal)
*
* This function examines a leading rift to see how far back the rift goes
* and to determine what kind of rift it is. This function is called by
* i_stage2_each() when a leading rift is detected. (aoffset,boffset) are
* the offsets into (A,B) of the first mismatching sample.
*
* This function returns:
* matchA > 0 if there are (matchA) samples missing from A
* matchA < 0 if there are (-matchA) duplicate samples (stuttering) in A
* matchB > 0 if there are (matchB) samples missing from B
* matchB < 0 if there are (-matchB) duplicate samples in B
* matchC != 0 if there are (matchC) samples of garbage, after which
* both A and B are in sync again
*/
void
i_analyze_rift_r(int16_t *A,int16_t *B,
long sizeA, long sizeB,
long aoffset, long boffset,
long *matchA,long *matchB,long *matchC)
{
long apast=aoffset+1;
long bpast=boffset+1;
long i;
*matchA=0, *matchB=0, *matchC=0;
/* Look backward to see where we regain agreement between vectors
* A and B (of at least MIN_WORDS_RIFT samples). We look for one of
* the following possible matches:
*
* edge
* v
* (1) (... aoffset matches)|(A matching run ...)
* (... boffset-i matches)| (rift) |(B matching run ...)
*
* (2) (... aoffset-i matches)| (rift) |(A matching run ...)
* (... boffset matches)|(B matching run ...)
*
* (3) (... aoffset-i matches)| (rift) |(A matching run ...)
* (... boffset-i matches)| (rift) |(B matching run ...)
*
* Anything that doesn't match one of these three is too corrupt to
* for us to recover from. E.g.:
*
* (... eventual match)| (rift) |(A matching run ...)
* (... eventual match) | (big rift) |(B matching run ...)
*
* We won't find the eventual match, since we wouldn't be sure how
* to fix the rift.
*/
for(i=1;;i++){
/* Search for whatever case we hit first, so as to end up with the
* smallest rift.
*/
/* Don't search for (1) past the beginning of B */
if (i<bpast)
/* See if we match case (1) above, which either means that A dropped
* samples at the rift, or that B stuttered.
*/
if(i_paranoia_overlap_r(A,B,aoffset,boffset-i)>=MIN_WORDS_RIFT){
*matchA=i;
break;
}
/* Don't search for (2) or (3) past the beginning of A */
if (i<apast) {
/* See if we match case (2) above, which either means that B dropped
* samples at the rift, or that A stuttered.
*/
if(i_paranoia_overlap_r(A,B,aoffset-i,boffset)>=MIN_WORDS_RIFT){
*matchB=i;
break;
}
/* Don't search for (3) past the beginning of B */
if (i<bpast)
/* See if we match case (3) above, which means that a fixed-length
* rift of samples is getting read unreliably.
*/
if(i_paranoia_overlap_r(A,B,aoffset-i,boffset-i)>=MIN_WORDS_RIFT){
*matchC=i;
break;
}
}else
/* Stop searching when we've reached the end of both vectors.
* In theory we could stop when there aren't MIN_WORDS_RIFT samples
* left in both vectors, but this case should happen fairly rarely.
*/
if(i>=bpast)break;
/* Try the search again with a larger tentative rift. */
}
if(*matchA==0 && *matchB==0 && *matchC==0)return;
if(*matchC)return;
/* For case (1) or (2), we need to determine whether the rift contains
* samples dropped by the other vector (that should be inserted), or
* whether the rift contains a stutter (that should be dropped). To
* distinguish, we check the contents of the rift against the good samples
* just after the rift. If the contents match, then the rift contains
* a stutter.
*
* A stutter in the second vector:
* (...newly matched run... 234)|(5678 ...good samples...)
* (...newly matched run... 234)| (5678) |(5678 ...good samples...)
*
* Samples missing from the first vector:
* (...newly matched run... 890)|(5678 ...good samples...)
* (...newly matched run... 890)| (1234) |(5678 ...good samples...)
*
* Of course, there's no theoretical guarantee that a non-stutter
* truly represents missing samples, but given that we're dealing with
* verified fragments in stage 2, we can have some confidence that this
* is the case.
*/
if(*matchA){
/* For case (1), we need to determine whether A dropped samples at the
* rift or whether B stuttered.
*
* If the rift doesn't match the good samples in A (and hence in B),
* it's not a stutter, and the rift should be inserted into A.
*
* ???BUG??? It's possible for aoffset+1+*matchA to be > sizeA, in
* which case the comparison in i_stutter_or_gap() will extend beyond
* the bounds of A. Thankfully, this isn't writing data and thus
* trampling memory, but it's still a memory access error that should
* be fixed.
*
* This bug is not fixed yet.
*/
if(i_stutter_or_gap(A,B,aoffset+1,boffset-*matchA+1,*matchA))
return;
/* It is a stutter, so we need to signal that we need to remove
* (matchA) bytes from B.
*/
*matchB = -*matchA;
*matchA=0;
return;
}else{
/* Case (2) is the inverse of case (1) above. */
if(i_stutter_or_gap(B,A,boffset+1,aoffset-*matchB+1,*matchB))
return;
*matchA = -*matchB;
*matchB=0;
return;
}
}
/* ===========================================================================
* analyze_rift_silence_f (internal)
*
* This function examines the fragment and root from the rift onward to
* see if they have a rift's worth of silence (or if they end with silence).
* It sets (*matchA) to -1 if A's rift is silence, (*matchB) to -1 if B's
* rift is silence, and sets them to 0 otherwise.
*
* Note that, unlike every other function in cdparanoia, this function
* considers any repeated value to be silence (which, in effect, it is).
* All other functions only consider repeated zeroes to be silence.
*
* ??? Is this function name just a misnomer, as it's really looking for
* repeated garbage?
*
* This function is called by i_stage2_each() if it runs into a trailing rift
* that i_analyze_rift_f couldn't diagnose. This checks for another variant:
* where one vector has silence and the other doesn't. We then assume
* that the silence (and anything following it) is garbage.
*
* Note that while this function checks both A and B for silence, the caller
* assumes that only one or the other has silence.
*/
void
analyze_rift_silence_f(int16_t *A,int16_t *B,long sizeA,long sizeB,
long aoffset, long boffset,
long *matchA, long *matchB)
{
*matchA=-1;
*matchB=-1;
/* Search for MIN_WORDS_RIFT samples, or to the end of the vector,
* whichever comes first.
*/
sizeA=min(sizeA,aoffset+MIN_WORDS_RIFT);
sizeB=min(sizeB,boffset+MIN_WORDS_RIFT);
aoffset++;
boffset++;
/* Check whether A has only "silence" within the search range. Note
* that "silence" here is a single, repeated value (zero or not).
*/
while(aoffset<sizeA){
if(A[aoffset]!=A[aoffset-1]){
*matchA=0;
break;
}
aoffset++;
}
/* Check whether B has only "silence" within the search range. Note
* that "silence" here is a single, repeated value (zero or not).
*
* Also note that while the caller assumes that only matchA or matchB
* is set, we check both vectors here.
*/
while(boffset<sizeB){
if(B[boffset]!=B[boffset-1]){
*matchB=0;
break;
}
boffset++;
}
}
```