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ATTENTION! This is the template for generating language.doc. If you want to
change the language.doc, make the changes here and inside maintainers.txt.

 * %(editnote)s
 * Copyright (C) 1997-2015 by Dimitri van Heesch.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
 * documentation under the terms of the GNU General Public License is hereby
 * granted. No representations are made about the suitability of this software
 * for any purpose. It is provided "as is" without express or implied warranty.
 * See the GNU General Public License for more details.
 * Documents produced by doxygen are derivative works derived from the
 * input used in their production; they are not affected by this license.
/*! \page langhowto Internationalization

<h3>Support for multiple languages</h3>

Doxygen has built-in support for multiple languages. This means that the
text fragments, generated by doxygen, can be produced in languages other
than English (the default). The output language is chosen through the
configuration option \ref cfg_output_language "OUTPUT_LANGUAGE" in the
configuration file (with default name and known as Doxyfile). To switch
between languages inside a comment block the \ref cmdtilde "\\~" command
can be used.

Currently (version %(doxVersion)s), %(numLangStr)s languages
are supported (sorted alphabetically):

The table of information related to the supported languages follows.
It is sorted by language alphabetically.  The <b>Status</b> column
was generated from sources and shows approximately the last version
when the translator was updated.


Most people on the list have indicated that they were also busy
doing other things, so if you want to help to speed things up please
let them (or me) know.

If you want to add support for a language that is not yet listed
please read the next section.

<h3>Adding a new language to doxygen</h3>

This short HOWTO explains how to add support for the new language to doxygen:

Just follow the following steps:
<li>Tell me for which language you want to add support. If no one else
    is already working on support for that language, you will be
    assigned as the maintainer for the language.
<li>Create a copy of `doxygen/src/translator_en.h` and name it
    I'll use `xx` in the rest of this document (and `XX` for the uppercase version).
<li>Edit `doxygen/src/language.cpp`:
    Add the following code:
#ifdef LANG_XX
    Remember to use the same symbol `LANG_XX` that was added to `doxygen/src/lang_cfg.h`.
    <p>Now, in <code>setTranslator()</code> add
#ifdef LANG_XX
    else if (L_EQUAL("your_language_name"))
      theTranslator = new TranslatorYourLanguage;
    after the <code>if { ... }</code>. I.e., it must be placed after the code
    for creating the English translator at the beginning, and before the
    <code>else { ... }</code> part that creates the translator for the
    default language (English again).
<li>Edit <code>doxygen/src/translator_xx.h</code>:
   <li>Use the UTF-8 capable editor and open the file using the UTF-8 mode.
   <li>Rename <code>TRANSLATOR_EN_H</code> to <code>TRANSLATOR_XX_H</code>
       twice (i.e. in the \c \#ifndef and \c \#define preprocessor commands at
       the beginning of the file).
   <li>Rename \c TranslatorEnglish to \c TranslatorYourLanguage
   <li>In the member <code>idLanguage()</code> change "english" into the
     name of your language (use lower case characters only). Depending
     on the language you may also wish to change the member functions
     `latexLanguageSupportCommand()` and other (you will recognize them when
     you start the work).
   <li>Edit all the strings that are returned by the member functions that
     start with \c tr.
     Try to match punctuation and capitals!
     To enter special characters (with accents) you can:
     <li>  Enter them directly if your keyboard supports that. Recall that
           the text is expected to be saved using the UTF-8 encoding. Doxygen
           will translate the characters to proper \LaTeX and
           leaves the HTML and man output in UTF-8.
     <li>  Use HTML codes like \c \&auml; for an \c a with an \c umlaut (i.e. \c &auml;).
           See the HTML specification for the codes.
      <li>On *nix systems:<br>
        <li>Rerun the `configure` script from the root (i.e. in the \c doxygen  directory) so
        that it generates `doxygen/src/lang_cfg.h`.
        This file should now contain a  \c \#define for your language code.<br>
        <li>Run \c make again from the root (i.e. in the \c doxygen
        directory) of the distribution, in order to regenerate the `Makefile`s.
      <li> On Windows:<br>
       <li>stop Visual Stdio<br>
       <li>open a command window<br>
       <li>goto the directory `doxygen\src`<br>
       <li>give the command `python > ..\winbuild\Languages.rules`<br>
       <li>close the command window<br>
       <li>start Visual Studio again<br>
       <li>Your language should now be selectable in the `General` part of the `Settings` of the `Properties`
       window of ``, by default Your language will be `on`. Rebuild `doxygen` (and `doxywizard`) now.
<li>Now you can use <code>OUTPUT_LANGUAGE = your_language_name</code>
    in the config file to generate output in your language.
<li>Send <code>translator_xx.h</code> to me so I can add it to doxygen.
    Send also your name and e-mail address to be included in the
    \c maintainers.txt list. You can also clone the doxygen repository
    at GitHub and make a Pull Request later.

<h3>Maintaining a language</h3>

New versions of doxygen may use new translated sentences.  In such
situation, the \c Translator class requires implementation of new
methods -- its interface changes.  Of course, the English
sentences need to be translated to the other languages.  At least,
new methods have to be implemented by the language-related
translator class; otherwise, doxygen wouldn't even compile.  Waiting
until all language maintainers have translated the new sentences and
sent the results would not be very practical. The following text
describes the usage of translator adapters to solve the problem.

<b>The role of Translator Adapters.</b>
Whenever the \c Translator class interface changes in the new
release, the new class \c TranslatorAdapter_x_y_z is added to the \c
translator_adapter.h file (here x, y, and z are numbers that
correspond to the current official version of doxygen). All
translators that previously derived from the \c Translator class now
derive from this adapter class.

The \c TranslatorAdapter_x_y_z class implements the new, required
methods.  If the new method replaces some similar but obsolete
method(s) (e.g. if the number of arguments changed and/or the
functionality of the older method was changed or enriched), the \c
TranslatorAdapter_x_y_z class may use the obsolete method to get the
result which is as close as possible to the older result in the
target language.  If it is not possible, the result (the default
translation) is obtained using the English translator, which is (by
definition) always up-to-date.

<b>For example,</b> when the new \c trFile() method with
parameters (to determine the capitalization of the first letter and
the singular/plural form) was introduced to replace the older method
\c trFiles() without arguments, the following code appeared in one
of the translator adapter classes:

    /*! This is the default implementation of the obsolete method
     * used in the documentation of a group before the list of
     * links to documented files.  This is possibly localized.
    virtual QCString trFiles()
    { return "Files"; }

    /*! This is the localized implementation of newer equivalent
     * using the obsolete method trFiles().
    virtual QCString trFile(bool first_capital, bool singular)
      if (first_capital && !singular)
        return trFiles();  // possibly localized, obsolete method
        return english.trFile(first_capital, singular);

The \c trFiles() is not present in the \c TranslatorEnglish class,
because it was removed as obsolete.  However, it was used until now
and its call was replaced by

    trFile(true, false)

in the doxygen source files.  Probably, many language translators
implemented the obsolete method, so it perfectly makes sense to use
the same language dependent result in those cases. The \c
TranslatorEnglish does not implement the old method.  It derives
from the abstract \c Translator class.  On the other hand, the old
translator for a different language does not implement the new \c
trFile() method.  Because of that it is derived from another base
class -- \c TranslatorAdapter_x_y_z. The \c TranslatorAdapter_x_y_z
class has to implement the new, required \c trFile() method.
However, the translator adapter would not be compiled if the \c
trFiles() method was not implemented. This is the reason for
implementing the old method in the translator adapter class (using
the same code, that was removed from the TranslatorEnglish).

The simplest way would be to pass the arguments to the English
translator and to return its result.  Instead, the adapter uses the
old \c trFiles() in one special case -- when the new
<code>trFile(true,&nbsp;false)</code> is called.  This is the
mostly used case at the time of introducing the new method -- see
above.  While this may look too complicated, the technique allows
the developers of the core sources to change the Translator
interface, while the users may not even notice the change.  Of
course, when the new \c trFile() is used with different arguments,
the English result is returned and it will be noticed by non English
users.  Here the maintainer of the language translator should
implement at least that one particular method.

<b>What says the base class of a language translator?</b>
If the language translator class inherits from any adapter class then
maintenance is needed.  In such case, the language translator is
considered not up-to-date.  On the other hand, if the language
translator derives directly from the abstract class \c Translator, the
language translator is up-to-date.

The translator adapter classes are chained so that the older
translator adapter class uses the one-step-newer translator adapter
as the base class.  The newer adapter does less \e adapting work
than the older one.  The oldest adapter class derives (indirectly)
from all of the adapter classes.  The name of the adapter class is
chosen so that its suffix is derived from the previous official
version of doxygen that did not need the adapter.  This way, one can
say approximately, when the language translator class was last
updated -- see details below.

The newest translator adapter derives from the abstract \c
TranslatorAdapterBase class that derives directly from the abstract
\c Translator class.  It adds only the private English-translator
member for easy implementation of the default translation inside the
adapter classes, and it also enforces implementation of one method
for notifying the user that the language translation is not up-to-date
(because of that some sentences in the generated files may appear in

Once the oldest adapter class is not used by any of the language
translators, it can be removed from the doxygen project.  The
maintainers should try to reach the state with the minimal number of
translator adapter classes.

<b>To simplify the maintenance of the language translator classes</b>
for the supported languages, the \c Python
script was developed (located in \c doxygen/doc directory).
It extracts the important information about obsolete and
new methods from the source files for each of the languages.
The information is stored in the translator report ASCII file
(\c %(translatorReportFileName)s).

\htmlonly If you compiled this documentation
from sources and if you have also doxygen sources available the
link %(translatorReportLink)s should be valid.\endhtmlonly

Looking at the base class of the language translator, the script
guesses also the status of the translator -- see the last column of
the table with languages above.  The \c is called
automatically when the doxygen documentation is generated.  You can
also run the script manually whenever you feel that it can help you.
Of course, you are not forced to use the results of the script.  You
can find the same information by looking at the adapter class and
its base classes.

<b>How should I update my language translator?</b> First, you
should be the language maintainer, or you should let him/her know
about the changes.  The following text was written for the language
maintainers as the primary audience.

There are several approaches to be taken when updating your
language.  If you are not extremely busy, you should always chose
the most radical one.  When the update takes much more time than you
expected, you can always decide use some suitable translator adapter to
finish the changes later and still make your translator working.

<b>The most radical way of updating the language translator</b> is
to make your translator class derive directly
from the abstract class \c Translator and provide translations for the
methods that are required to be implemented -- the compiler will
tell you if you forgot to implement some of them.  If you are in
doubt, have a look at the \c TranslatorEnglish class to recognize the
purpose of the implemented method.  Looking at the previously used
adapter class may help you sometimes, but it can also be misleading
because the adapter classes do implement also the obsolete methods
(see the previous \c trFiles() example).

In other words, the up-to-date language translators do not need the
\c TranslatorAdapter_x_y_z classes at all, and you do not need to
implement anything else than the methods required by the Translator
class (i.e. the pure virtual methods of the \c Translator -- they
end with <code>=0;</code>).

If everything compiles fine, try to run \c, and have a
look at the translator report (ASCII file) at the \c doxygen/doc
directory. Your translator is marked as up-to-date only if the script
does not detect anything special. If the translator uses the \c Translator
base class, there still may be some remarks related to your source code.
In the case, the translator is marked as <em>almost up-to-date</em>.
Namely, the obsolete methods--that are not used at all--may be listed in the
section for your language. Simply, remove their code (and run the \c again). Also, you will be informed when you forgot to
change the base class of your translator class to some newer adapter
class or directly to the Translator class.

<b>If you do not have time to finish all the updates</b> you should
still start with <em>the most radical approach</em> as described
above.  You can always change the base class to the translator
adapter class that implements all of the not-yet-implemented methods.

<b>If you prefer to update your translator gradually</b>, have a look
at \c TranslatorEnglish (the \c translator_en.h file). Inside, you
will find the comments like <code>new since 1.2.4</code> that separate
always a number of methods that were implemented in the stated
version. Do implement the group of methods that are placed below the
comment that uses the same version numbers as your translator adapter
class. (For example, your translator class have to use the \c
TranslatorAdapter_1_2_4, if it does not implement the methods below
the comment <code>new since 1.2.4</code>. When you implement them,
your class should use a newer translator adapter.

Run the \c script occasionally and give it your \c xx
identification (from \c translator_xx.h) to create the translator
report shorter (also produced faster) -- it will contain only the
information related to your translator. Once you reach the state when
the base class should be changed to some newer adapter, you will see
the note in the translator report.

Warning: Don't forget to compile doxygen to discover, whether it is
compilable. The \c does not check if everything is
correct with respect to the compiler. Because of that, it may lie
sometimes about the necessary base class.

<b>The most obsolete language translators</b> would lead to
implementation of too complicated adapters. Because of that, doxygen
developers may decide to derive such translators from the \c
TranslatorEnglish class, which is by definition always up-to-date.

When doing so, all the missing methods will be replaced by the
English translation.  This means that not-implemented methods will
always return the English result.  Such translators are marked using
the word \c obsolete.  You should read it <b>really obsolete</b>. No
guess about the last update can be done.

Often, it is possible to construct better result from the obsolete
methods.  Because of that, the translator adapter classes should be
used if possible.  On the other hand, implementation of adapters for
really obsolete translators brings too much maintenance and
run-time overhead.

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