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.TH DMIDECODE 8 "January 2019" "dmidecode"
dmidecode \- \s-1DMI\s0 table decoder
.B dmidecode
.B dmidecode
is a tool for dumping a computer's \s-1DMI\s0 (some say \s-1SMBIOS\s0) table
contents in a human-readable format. This table contains a description of the
system's hardware components, as well as other useful pieces of information
such as serial numbers and \s-1BIOS\s0 revision. Thanks to this table, you can
retrieve this information without having to probe for the actual hardware.
While this is a good point in terms of report speed and safeness, this also
makes the presented information possibly unreliable.

The \s-1DMI\s0 table doesn't only describe what the system is currently made
of, it also can report the possible evolutions (such as the fastest supported
\s-1CPU\s0 or the maximal amount of memory supported).

\s-1SMBIOS\s0 stands for System Management \s-1BIOS\s0, while \s-1DMI\s0
stands for Desktop Management Interface. Both standards are tightly related
and developed by the \s-1DMTF\s0 (Desktop Management Task Force).

As you run it,
.B dmidecode
will try to locate the \s-1DMI\s0 table. It will first try to read the DMI table
from sysfs, and next try reading directly from memory if sysfs access failed.
.B dmidecode
succeeds in locating a valid DMI table, it will then parse this table
and display a list of records like this one:

Handle 0x0002, DMI type 2, 8 bytes.
Base Board Information
        Manufacturer: Intel
        Product Name: C440GX+
        Version: 727281-001
        Serial Number: INCY92700942

Each record has:
.IP \(bu "\w'\(bu'u+1n"
A handle. This is a unique identifier, which allows records to
reference each other. For example, processor records usually reference
cache memory records using their handles.
.IP \(bu
A type. The \s-1SMBIOS\s0 specification defines different types of elements
a computer can be made of. In this example, the type is 2, which
means that the record contains "Base Board Information".
.IP \(bu
A size. Each record has a 4-byte header (2 for the handle, 1 for the type,
1 for the size), the rest is used by the record data. This value doesn't
take text strings into account (these are placed at the end of the record),
so the actual length of the record may be (and is often) greater than the
displayed value.
.IP \(bu
Decoded values. The information presented of course depends on the type
of record. Here, we learn about the board's manufacturer, model, version
and serial number.
.BR "-d" ", " "--dev-mem FILE"
Read memory from device \fBFILE\fR (default: \fB/dev/mem\fR)
.BR "-q" ", " "--quiet"
Be less verbose. Unknown, inactive and \s-1OEM\s0-specific entries are not
displayed. Meta-data and handle references are hidden.
.BR "-s" ", " "--string KEYWORD"
Only display the value of the \s-1DMI\s0 string identified by \fBKEYWORD\fR.
\fBKEYWORD\fR must be a keyword from the following list: \fBbios-vendor\fR,
\fBbios-version\fR, \fBbios-release-date\fR,
\fBsystem-manufacturer\fR, \fBsystem-product-name\fR,
\fBsystem-version\fR, \fBsystem-serial-number\fR,
\fBsystem-uuid\fR, \fBsystem-family\fR,
\fBbaseboard-manufacturer\fR, \fBbaseboard-product-name\fR,
\fBbaseboard-version\fR, \fBbaseboard-serial-number\fR,
\fBbaseboard-asset-tag\fR, \fBchassis-manufacturer\fR,
\fBchassis-version\fR, \fBchassis-serial-number\fR,
\fBchassis-asset-tag\fR, \fBprocessor-family\fR,
\fBprocessor-version\fR, \fBprocessor-frequency\fR.
Each keyword corresponds to a given \s-1DMI\s0 type and a given offset
within this entry type.
Not all strings may be meaningful or even defined on all systems. Some
keywords may return more than one result on some systems (e.g.
\fBprocessor-version\fR on a multi-processor system).
If \fBKEYWORD\fR is not provided or not valid, a list of all valid
keywords is printed and
.B dmidecode
exits with an error.
This option cannot be used more than once.

Note: on Linux, most of these strings can alternatively be read directly
.BR sysfs ,
typically from files under
.IR /sys/devices/virtual/dmi/id .
Most of these files are even readable by regular users.
.BR "-t" ", " "--type TYPE"
Only display the entries of type \fBTYPE\fR. \fBTYPE\fR can be either a
\s-1DMI\s0 type number, or a comma-separated list of type numbers, or a
keyword from the following list: \fBbios\fR, \fBsystem\fR,
\fBbaseboard\fR, \fBchassis\fR, \fBprocessor\fR, \fBmemory\fR,
\fBcache\fR, \fBconnector\fR, \fBslot\fR. Refer to the DMI TYPES section
below for details.
If this option is used more than once, the set of displayed entries will be
the union of all the given types.
If \fBTYPE\fR is not provided or not valid, a list of all valid keywords
is printed and
.B dmidecode
exits with an error.
.BR "-H" ", " "--handle HANDLE"
Only display the entry whose handle matches \fBHANDLE\fR.  \fBHANDLE\fR
is a 16-bit integer.
.BR "-u" ", " "--dump"
Do not decode the entries, dump their contents as hexadecimal instead.
Note that this is still a text output, no binary data will be thrown upon
you. The strings attached to each entry are displayed as both
hexadecimal and \s-1ASCII\s0. This option is mainly useful for debugging.
.BR "  " "  " "--dump-bin FILE"
Do not decode the entries, instead dump the DMI data to a file in binary
form. The generated file is suitable to pass to \fB--from-dump\fR
.BR "  " "  " "--from-dump FILE"
Read the DMI data from a binary file previously generated using 
.BR "  " "  " "--no-sysfs"
Do not attempt to read DMI data from sysfs files. This is mainly useful for
.BR "  " "  " "--oem-string N"
Only display the value of the \s-1OEM\s0 string number \fBN\fR. The first
\s-1OEM\s0 string has number 1. With special value "count", return the
number of OEM strings instead.
.BR "-h" ", " "--help"
Display usage information and exit
.BR "-V" ", " "--version"
Display the version and exit
Options --string, --type, --dump-bin and --oem-string
determine the output format and are mutually exclusive.
Please note in case of
.B dmidecode
is run on a system with BIOS that boasts new SMBIOS specification, which
is not supported by the tool yet, it will print out relevant message in
addition to requested data on the very top of the output. Thus informs the
output data is not reliable.
The \s-1SMBIOS\s0 specification defines the following \s-1DMI\s0 types:
r l
r l.
Type	Information
1	System
2	Baseboard
3	Chassis
4	Processor
5	Memory Controller
6	Memory Module
7	Cache
8	Port Connector
9	System Slots
10	On Board Devices
11	OEM Strings
12	System Configuration Options
13	BIOS Language
14	Group Associations
15	System Event Log
16	Physical Memory Array
17	Memory Device
18	32-bit Memory Error
19	Memory Array Mapped Address
20	Memory Device Mapped Address
21	Built-in Pointing Device
22	Portable Battery
23	System Reset
24	Hardware Security
25	System Power Controls
26	Voltage Probe
27	Cooling Device
28	Temperature Probe
29	Electrical Current Probe
30	Out-of-band Remote Access
31	Boot Integrity Services
32	System Boot
33	64-bit Memory Error
34	Management Device
35	Management Device Component
36	Management Device Threshold Data
37	Memory Channel
38	IPMI Device
39	Power Supply
40	Additional Information
41	Onboard Devices Extended Information
42	Management Controller Host Interface

Additionally, type 126 is used for disabled entries and type 127 is an
end-of-table marker. Types 128 to 255 are for \s-1OEM\s0-specific data.
.B dmidecode
will display these entries by default, but it can only decode them
when the vendors have contributed documentation or code for them.

Keywords can be used instead of type numbers with \fB--type\fR.
Each keyword is equivalent to a list of type numbers:

l l
l l.
Keyword	Types
bios	0, 13
system	1, 12, 15, 23, 32
baseboard	2, 10, 41
chassis	3
processor	4
memory	5, 6, 16, 17
cache	7
connector	8
slot	9

Keywords are matched case-insensitively. The following command lines are equivalent:
.IP \(bu "\w'\(bu'u+1n"
dmidecode --type 0 --type 13
.IP \(bu
dmidecode --type 0,13
.IP \(bu
dmidecode --type bios
.IP \(bu
dmidecode --type BIOS
The binary dump files generated by --dump-bin and read using --from-dump
are formatted as follows:
.IP \(bu "\w'\(bu'u+1n"
The SMBIOS or DMI entry point is located at offset 0x00.
It is crafted to hard-code the table address at offset 0x20.
.IP \(bu "\w'\(bu'u+1n"
The DMI table is located at offset 0x20.
There is some ambiguity about how to interpret the UUID fields prior to SMBIOS
specification version 2.6. There was no mention of byte swapping, and RFC 4122
says that no byte swapping should be applied by default. However, SMBIOS
specification version 2.6 (and later) explicitly states that the first 3 fields
of the UUID should be read as little-endian numbers (byte-swapped).
Furthermore, it implies that the same was already true for older versions of
the specification, even though it was not mentioned. In practice, many hardware
vendors were not byte-swapping the UUID. So, in order to preserve
compatibility, it was decided to interpret the UUID fields according to RFC
4122 (no byte swapping) when the SMBIOS version is older than 2.6, and to
interpret the first 3 fields as little-endian (byte-swapped) when the SMBIOS
version is 2.6 or later. The Linux kernel follows the same logic.
.I /dev/mem
.I /sys/firmware/dmi/tables/smbios_entry_point
(Linux only)
.I /sys/firmware/dmi/tables/DMI
(Linux only)
More often than not, information contained in the \s-1DMI\s0 tables is inaccurate,
incomplete or simply wrong.
Alan Cox, Jean Delvare
.BR biosdecode (8),
.BR mem (4),
.BR ownership (8),
.BR vpddecode (8)