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From 4a0243ecb4c94e2d73510d096c5ea4d0711fc6c0 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Seunghun Han <kkamagui@gmail.com>
Date: Fri, 23 Jun 2017 14:19:48 +0900
Subject: [PATCH] acpi: acpica: fix acpi parse and parseext cache leaks
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I'm Seunghun Han, and I work for National Security Research Institute of
South Korea.

I have been doing a research on ACPI and found an ACPI cache leak in ACPI
early abort cases.

Boot log of ACPI cache leak is as follows:
[    0.352414] ACPI: Added _OSI(Module Device)
[    0.353182] ACPI: Added _OSI(Processor Device)
[    0.353182] ACPI: Added _OSI(3.0 _SCP Extensions)
[    0.353182] ACPI: Added _OSI(Processor Aggregator Device)
[    0.356028] ACPI: Unable to start the ACPI Interpreter
[    0.356799] ACPI Error: Could not remove SCI handler (20170303/evmisc-281)
[    0.360215] kmem_cache_destroy Acpi-State: Slab cache still has objects
[    0.360648] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Tainted: G        W
4.12.0-rc4-next-20170608+ #10
[    0.361273] Hardware name: innotek GmbH VirtualBox/VirtualBox, BIOS
VirtualBox 12/01/2006
[    0.361873] Call Trace:
[    0.362243]  ? dump_stack+0x5c/0x81
[    0.362591]  ? kmem_cache_destroy+0x1aa/0x1c0
[    0.362944]  ? acpi_sleep_proc_init+0x27/0x27
[    0.363296]  ? acpi_os_delete_cache+0xa/0x10
[    0.363646]  ? acpi_ut_delete_caches+0x6d/0x7b
[    0.364000]  ? acpi_terminate+0xa/0x14
[    0.364000]  ? acpi_init+0x2af/0x34f
[    0.364000]  ? __class_create+0x4c/0x80
[    0.364000]  ? video_setup+0x7f/0x7f
[    0.364000]  ? acpi_sleep_proc_init+0x27/0x27
[    0.364000]  ? do_one_initcall+0x4e/0x1a0
[    0.364000]  ? kernel_init_freeable+0x189/0x20a
[    0.364000]  ? rest_init+0xc0/0xc0
[    0.364000]  ? kernel_init+0xa/0x100
[    0.364000]  ? ret_from_fork+0x25/0x30

I analyzed this memory leak in detail. I found that “Acpi-State” cache and
“Acpi-Parse” cache were merged because the size of cache objects was same
slab cache size.

I finally found “Acpi-Parse” cache and “Acpi-ParseExt” cache were leaked
using SLAB_NEVER_MERGE flag in kmem_cache_create() function.

Real ACPI cache leak point is as follows:
[    0.360101] ACPI: Added _OSI(Module Device)
[    0.360101] ACPI: Added _OSI(Processor Device)
[    0.360101] ACPI: Added _OSI(3.0 _SCP Extensions)
[    0.361043] ACPI: Added _OSI(Processor Aggregator Device)
[    0.364016] ACPI: Unable to start the ACPI Interpreter
[    0.365061] ACPI Error: Could not remove SCI handler (20170303/evmisc-281)
[    0.368174] kmem_cache_destroy Acpi-Parse: Slab cache still has objects
[    0.369332] CPU: 1 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Tainted: G        W
4.12.0-rc4-next-20170608+ #8
[    0.371256] Hardware name: innotek GmbH VirtualBox/VirtualBox, BIOS
VirtualBox 12/01/2006
[    0.372000] Call Trace:
[    0.372000]  ? dump_stack+0x5c/0x81
[    0.372000]  ? kmem_cache_destroy+0x1aa/0x1c0
[    0.372000]  ? acpi_sleep_proc_init+0x27/0x27
[    0.372000]  ? acpi_os_delete_cache+0xa/0x10
[    0.372000]  ? acpi_ut_delete_caches+0x56/0x7b
[    0.372000]  ? acpi_terminate+0xa/0x14
[    0.372000]  ? acpi_init+0x2af/0x34f
[    0.372000]  ? __class_create+0x4c/0x80
[    0.372000]  ? video_setup+0x7f/0x7f
[    0.372000]  ? acpi_sleep_proc_init+0x27/0x27
[    0.372000]  ? do_one_initcall+0x4e/0x1a0
[    0.372000]  ? kernel_init_freeable+0x189/0x20a
[    0.372000]  ? rest_init+0xc0/0xc0
[    0.372000]  ? kernel_init+0xa/0x100
[    0.372000]  ? ret_from_fork+0x25/0x30
[    0.388039] kmem_cache_destroy Acpi-ParseExt: Slab cache still has objects
[    0.389063] CPU: 1 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Tainted: G        W
4.12.0-rc4-next-20170608+ #8
[    0.390557] Hardware name: innotek GmbH VirtualBox/VirtualBox, BIOS
VirtualBox 12/01/2006
[    0.392000] Call Trace:
[    0.392000]  ? dump_stack+0x5c/0x81
[    0.392000]  ? kmem_cache_destroy+0x1aa/0x1c0
[    0.392000]  ? acpi_sleep_proc_init+0x27/0x27
[    0.392000]  ? acpi_os_delete_cache+0xa/0x10
[    0.392000]  ? acpi_ut_delete_caches+0x6d/0x7b
[    0.392000]  ? acpi_terminate+0xa/0x14
[    0.392000]  ? acpi_init+0x2af/0x34f
[    0.392000]  ? __class_create+0x4c/0x80
[    0.392000]  ? video_setup+0x7f/0x7f
[    0.392000]  ? acpi_sleep_proc_init+0x27/0x27
[    0.392000]  ? do_one_initcall+0x4e/0x1a0
[    0.392000]  ? kernel_init_freeable+0x189/0x20a
[    0.392000]  ? rest_init+0xc0/0xc0
[    0.392000]  ? kernel_init+0xa/0x100
[    0.392000]  ? ret_from_fork+0x25/0x30

When early abort is occurred due to invalid ACPI information, Linux kernel
terminates ACPI by calling acpi_terminate() function. The function calls
acpi_ut_delete_caches() function to delete local caches (acpi_gbl_namespace_
cache, state_cache, operand_cache, ps_node_cache, ps_node_ext_cache).

But the deletion codes in acpi_ut_delete_caches() function only delete
slab caches using kmem_cache_destroy() function, therefore the cache
objects should be flushed before acpi_ut_delete_caches() function.

“Acpi-Parse” cache and “Acpi-ParseExt” cache are used in an AML parse
function, acpi_ps_parse_loop(). The function should have flush codes to
handle an error state due to invalid AML codes.

This cache leak has a security threat because an old kernel (<= 4.9) shows
memory locations of kernel functions in stack dump. Some malicious users
could use this information to neutralize kernel ASLR.

To fix ACPI cache leak for enhancing security, I made a patch which has
flush codes in acpi_ps_parse_loop() function.

I hope that this patch improves the security of Linux kernel.

Thank you.

Signed-off-by: Seunghun Han <kkamagui@gmail.com>

Github-Location: https://github.com/acpica/acpica/pull/278/commits/4a0243ecb4c94e2d73510d096c5ea4d0711fc6c0

---
 source/components/parser/psobject.c | 44 ++++++++++++++-----------------------
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

Index: acpica-unix2-20180209/source/components/parser/psobject.c
===================================================================
--- acpica-unix2-20180209.orig/source/components/parser/psobject.c
+++ acpica-unix2-20180209/source/components/parser/psobject.c
@@ -680,7 +680,8 @@ AcpiPsCompleteFinalOp (
     ACPI_PARSE_OBJECT       *Op,
     ACPI_STATUS             Status)
 {
-    ACPI_STATUS             Status2;
+    ACPI_STATUS             ReturnStatus = AE_OK;
+    BOOLEAN                 Ascending = TRUE;
 
 
     ACPI_FUNCTION_TRACE_PTR (PsCompleteFinalOp, WalkState);
@@ -697,7 +698,7 @@ AcpiPsCompleteFinalOp (
     {
         if (Op)
         {
-            if (WalkState->AscendingCallback != NULL)
+            if (Ascending && WalkState->AscendingCallback != NULL)
             {
                 WalkState->Op = Op;
                 WalkState->OpInfo = AcpiPsGetOpcodeInfo (Op->Common.AmlOpcode);
@@ -716,41 +717,28 @@ AcpiPsCompleteFinalOp (
 
                 if (Status == AE_CTRL_TERMINATE)
                 {
-                    Status = AE_OK;
-
-                    /* Clean up */
-                    do
-                    {
-                        if (Op)
-                        {
-                            Status2 = AcpiPsCompleteThisOp (WalkState, Op);
-                            if (ACPI_FAILURE (Status2))
-                            {
-                                return_ACPI_STATUS (Status2);
-                            }
-                        }
-
-                        AcpiPsPopScope (&(WalkState->ParserState), &Op,
-                            &WalkState->ArgTypes, &WalkState->ArgCount);
-
-                    } while (Op);
-
-                    return_ACPI_STATUS (Status);
+                    Ascending = FALSE;
+                    ReturnStatus = AE_CTRL_TERMINATE;
                 }
 
                 else if (ACPI_FAILURE (Status))
                 {
                     /* First error is most important */
 
-                    (void) AcpiPsCompleteThisOp (WalkState, Op);
-                    return_ACPI_STATUS (Status);
+                    Ascending = FALSE;
+                    ReturnStatus = Status;
                 }
             }
 
-            Status2 = AcpiPsCompleteThisOp (WalkState, Op);
-            if (ACPI_FAILURE (Status2))
+            Status = AcpiPsCompleteThisOp (WalkState, Op);
+            if (ACPI_FAILURE (Status))
             {
-                return_ACPI_STATUS (Status2);
+                Ascending = FALSE;
+                if (ACPI_SUCCESS (ReturnStatus) ||
+                    ReturnStatus == AE_CTRL_TERMINATE)
+                {
+                    ReturnStatus = Status;
+                }
             }
         }
 
@@ -759,5 +747,5 @@ AcpiPsCompleteFinalOp (
 
     } while (Op);
 
-    return_ACPI_STATUS (Status);
+    return_ACPI_STATUS (ReturnStatus);
 }