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* ModSecurity for Apache 2.x,
* Copyright (c) 2004-2013 Trustwave Holdings, Inc. (
* You may not use this file except in compliance with
* the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
* If any of the files related to licensing are missing or if you have any
* other questions related to licensing please contact Trustwave Holdings, Inc.
* directly using the email address

#ifndef _MSC_RE_H_
#define _MSC_RE_H_


typedef struct msre_engine msre_engine;
typedef struct msre_ruleset msre_ruleset;
typedef struct msre_ruleset_internal msre_ruleset_internal;
typedef struct msre_rule msre_rule;
typedef struct msre_var_metadata msre_var_metadata;
typedef struct msre_var msre_var;
typedef struct msre_op_metadata msre_op_metadata;
typedef struct msre_tfn_metadata msre_tfn_metadata;
typedef struct msre_actionset msre_actionset;
typedef struct msre_action_metadata msre_action_metadata;
typedef struct msre_action msre_action;
typedef struct msre_reqbody_processor_metadata msre_reqbody_processor_metadata;
typedef struct msre_cache_rec msre_cache_rec;

#include "apr_general.h"
#include "apr_tables.h"
#include "modsecurity.h"
#include "msc_pcre.h"
#include "msc_tree.h"
#include "persist_dbm.h"
#include "apache2.h"
#include "http_config.h"

#if defined(WITH_LUA)
#include "msc_lua.h"

/* Actions, variables, functions and operator functions */
char DSOLOCAL *update_rule_target_ex(modsec_rec *msr, msre_ruleset *ruleset, msre_rule *rule, const char *p2,
        const char *p3);

int DSOLOCAL msre_ruleset_rule_matches_exception(msre_rule *rule, rule_exception *re);

char DSOLOCAL *msre_ruleset_rule_update_target_matching_exception(modsec_rec *msr, msre_ruleset *ruleset, rule_exception *re,
    const char *p2, const char *p3);

char DSOLOCAL *msre_ruleset_phase_rule_update_target_matching_exception(modsec_rec *msr, msre_ruleset *ruleset, rule_exception *re,
     apr_array_header_t *phase_arr, const char *p2, const char *p3);

apr_status_t DSOLOCAL collection_original_setvar(modsec_rec *msr, const char *col_name, const msc_string *orig_var);

int DSOLOCAL expand_macros(modsec_rec *msr, msc_string *var, msre_rule *rule, apr_pool_t *mptmp);

msre_var_metadata DSOLOCAL *msre_resolve_var(msre_engine *engine, const char *name);

msre_var DSOLOCAL *msre_create_var_ex(apr_pool_t *pool, msre_engine *engine, const char *name, const char *param,
    modsec_rec *msr, char **error_msg);

int DSOLOCAL msre_parse_generic(apr_pool_t *pool, const char *text, apr_table_t *vartable,
    char **error_msg);

int DSOLOCAL rule_id_in_range(int ruleid, const char *range);

msre_var DSOLOCAL *generate_single_var(modsec_rec *msr, msre_var *var, apr_array_header_t *tfn_arr,
    msre_rule *rule, apr_pool_t *mptmp);

#if defined(WITH_LUA)
apr_table_t DSOLOCAL *generate_multi_var(modsec_rec *msr, msre_var *var, apr_array_header_t *tfn_arr,
    msre_rule *rule, apr_pool_t *mptmp);

/* Structures with the corresponding functions */

struct msre_engine {
    apr_pool_t              *mp;
    apr_table_t             *variables;
    apr_table_t             *operators;
    apr_table_t             *actions;
    apr_table_t             *tfns;
    apr_table_t             *reqbody_processors;

msre_engine DSOLOCAL *msre_engine_create(apr_pool_t *parent_pool);

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_destroy(msre_engine *engine);

msre_op_metadata DSOLOCAL *msre_engine_op_resolve(msre_engine *engine, const char *name);

struct msre_ruleset {
    apr_pool_t              *mp;
    msre_engine             *engine;

    apr_array_header_t      *phase_request_headers;
    apr_array_header_t      *phase_request_body;
    apr_array_header_t      *phase_response_headers;
    apr_array_header_t      *phase_response_body;
    apr_array_header_t      *phase_logging;

apr_status_t DSOLOCAL msre_ruleset_process_phase(msre_ruleset *ruleset, modsec_rec *msr);

apr_status_t DSOLOCAL msre_ruleset_process_phase_internal(msre_ruleset *ruleset, modsec_rec *msr);

msre_ruleset DSOLOCAL *msre_ruleset_create(msre_engine *engine, apr_pool_t *mp);

int DSOLOCAL msre_ruleset_rule_add(msre_ruleset *ruleset, msre_rule *rule, int phase);

msre_rule DSOLOCAL *msre_ruleset_fetch_rule(msre_ruleset *ruleset, const char *id, int offset);

int DSOLOCAL msre_ruleset_rule_remove_with_exception(msre_ruleset *ruleset, rule_exception *re);

int DSOLOCAL msre_ruleset_phase_rule_remove_with_exception(msre_ruleset *ruleset, rule_exception *re,
    apr_array_header_t *phase_arr);

#define RULE_NO_MATCH           0
#define RULE_MATCH              1

#define RULE_PH_NONE            0  /* Not a placeholder */
#define RULE_PH_SKIPAFTER       1  /* Implicit placeholder for skipAfter */
#define RULE_PH_MARKER          2  /* Explicit placeholder for SecMarker */

#define RULE_TYPE_NORMAL        0  /* SecRule */
#define RULE_TYPE_ACTION        1  /* SecAction */
#define RULE_TYPE_MARKER        2  /* SecMarker */
#if defined(WITH_LUA)
#define RULE_TYPE_LUA           3  /* SecRuleScript */

struct msre_rule {
    apr_array_header_t      *targets;
    const char              *op_name;
    const char              *op_param;
    void                    *op_param_data;
    msre_op_metadata        *op_metadata;
    unsigned int             op_negated;
    msre_actionset          *actionset;
    const char              *p1;
    const char              *unparsed;
    const char              *filename;
    int                      line_num;
    int                      placeholder;
    int                      type;

    msre_ruleset            *ruleset;
    msre_rule               *chain_starter;
    unsigned int             execution_time;
    unsigned int             trans_time;
    unsigned int             op_time;

    #if defined(WITH_LUA)
    /* Compiled Lua script. */
    msc_script              *script;

    ap_regex_t              *sub_regex;
    regex_t                 *sub_regex;
    char                    *sub_str;
    char                    *re_str;
    int                     re_precomp;
    int                     escape_re;

    TreeRoot                *ip_op;

char DSOLOCAL *msre_rule_generate_unparsed(apr_pool_t *pool, const msre_rule *rule, const char *targets, const char *args, const char *actions);

msre_rule DSOLOCAL *msre_rule_create(msre_ruleset *ruleset, int type,
    const char *fn, int line, const char *targets,
    const char *args, const char *actions, char **error_msg);

#if defined(WITH_LUA)
msre_rule DSOLOCAL *msre_rule_lua_create(msre_ruleset *ruleset,
    const char *fn, int line, const char *script_filename,
    const char *actions, char **error_msg);

#define VAR_SIMPLE              0    /* REQUEST_URI */
#define VAR_LIST                1

#define PHASE_REQUEST_BODY      2
#define PHASE_LOGGING           5

typedef int (*fn_op_param_init_t)(msre_rule *rule, char **error_msg);
typedef int (*fn_op_execute_t)(modsec_rec *msr, msre_rule *rule, msre_var *var, char **error_msg);

struct msre_op_metadata {
    const char              *name;
    fn_op_param_init_t       param_init;
    fn_op_execute_t          execute;

typedef int (*fn_tfn_execute_t)(apr_pool_t *pool, unsigned char *input, long int input_length, char **rval, long int *rval_length);

struct msre_tfn_metadata {
    const char              *name;

    /* Functions should populate *rval and return 1 on
     * success, or return -1 on failure (in which case *rval
     * should contain the error message. Strict functions
     * (those that validate in
     * addition to transforming) can return 0 when input
     * fails validation. Functions are free to perform
     * in-place transformation, or to allocate a new buffer
     * from the provideded temporary (per-rule) memory pool.
     * NOTE Strict transformation functions not supported yet.
    fn_tfn_execute_t execute;

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_tfn_register(msre_engine *engine, const char *name,
    fn_tfn_execute_t execute);

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_op_register(msre_engine *engine, const char *name,
    fn_op_param_init_t fn1, fn_op_execute_t fn2);

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_register_default_tfns(msre_engine *engine);

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_register_default_variables(msre_engine *engine);

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_register_default_operators(msre_engine *engine);

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_register_default_actions(msre_engine *engine);

msre_tfn_metadata DSOLOCAL *msre_engine_tfn_resolve(msre_engine *engine, const char *name);

#define VAR_DONT_CACHE  0
#define VAR_CACHE       1

typedef char *(*fn_var_validate_t)(msre_ruleset *ruleset, msre_var *var);
typedef int (*fn_var_generate_t)(modsec_rec *msr, msre_var *var, msre_rule *rule, apr_table_t *table, apr_pool_t *mptmp);

struct msre_var_metadata {
    const char              *name;
    unsigned int             type;          /* VAR_TYPE_ constants */
    unsigned int             argc_min;
    unsigned int             argc_max;
    fn_var_validate_t        validate;
    fn_var_generate_t        generate;
    unsigned int             is_cacheable;  /* 0 - no, 1 - yes */
    unsigned int             availability;  /* when does this variable become available? */

struct msre_var {
    char                    *name;
    const char              *value;
    unsigned int             value_len;
    char                    *param;
    const void              *param_data;
    msre_var_metadata       *metadata;
    msc_regex_t             *param_regex;
    unsigned int             is_negated;
    unsigned int             is_counting;

struct msre_actionset {
    apr_table_t             *actions;

    /* Metadata */
    const char              *id;
    const char              *rev;
    const char              *msg;
    const char              *logdata;
    const char              *version;
    int                      maturity;
    int                      accuracy;
    int                      severity;
    int                      phase;
    msre_rule               *rule;
    int                     arg_min;
    int                     arg_max;

    /* Flow */
    int                      is_chained;
    int                      skip_count;
    const char              *skip_after;

    /* Disruptive */
    int                      intercept_action;
    const char              *intercept_uri;
    int                      intercept_status;
    const char              *intercept_pause;

    /* "block" needs parent action to reset it */
    msre_action             *parent_intercept_action_rec;
    msre_action             *intercept_action_rec;
    int                      parent_intercept_action;

    /* Other */
    int                      log;
    int                      auditlog;
    int                      block;

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_variable_register(msre_engine *engine, const char *name,
    unsigned int type, unsigned int argc_min, unsigned int argc_max,
    fn_var_validate_t validate, fn_var_generate_t generate,
    unsigned int is_cacheable, unsigned int availability);

msre_actionset DSOLOCAL *msre_actionset_create(msre_engine *engine, apr_pool_t *mp, const char *text,
    char **error_msg);

msre_actionset DSOLOCAL *msre_actionset_merge(msre_engine *engine, apr_pool_t *mp, msre_actionset *parent,
    msre_actionset *child, int inherit_by_default);

msre_actionset DSOLOCAL *msre_actionset_create_default(msre_engine *engine);

void DSOLOCAL msre_actionset_set_defaults(msre_actionset *actionset);

void DSOLOCAL msre_actionset_init(msre_actionset *actionset, msre_rule *rule);

typedef char *(*fn_action_validate_t)(msre_engine *engine, apr_pool_t *mp, msre_action *action);
typedef apr_status_t (*fn_action_init_t)(msre_engine *engine, apr_pool_t *mp, msre_actionset *actionset, msre_action *action);
typedef apr_status_t (*fn_action_execute_t)(modsec_rec *msr, apr_pool_t *mptmp, msre_rule *rule, msre_action *action);

#define ACTION_DISRUPTIVE       1
#define ACTION_METADATA         3
#define ACTION_FLOW             4

#define NO_PLUS_MINUS           0
#define ALLOW_PLUS_MINUS        1


#define ACTION_CGROUP_NONE       0
#define ACTION_CGROUP_LOG        2

struct msre_action_metadata {
    const char              *name;
    unsigned int             type;
    unsigned int             argc_min;
    unsigned int             argc_max;
    unsigned int             allow_param_plusminus;
    unsigned int             cardinality;
    unsigned int             cardinality_group;
    fn_action_validate_t     validate;
    fn_action_init_t         init;
    fn_action_execute_t      execute;

struct msre_action {
    msre_action_metadata    *metadata;
    const char              *param;
    const void              *param_data;
    unsigned int             param_plusminus; /* ABSOLUTE_VALUE, POSITIVE_VALUE, NEGATIVE_VALUE */

void DSOLOCAL msre_engine_reqbody_processor_register(msre_engine *engine,
    const char *name, void *fn_init, void *fn_process, void *fn_complete);

typedef int (*fn_reqbody_processor_init_t)(modsec_rec *msr, char **error_msg);
typedef int (*fn_reqbody_processor_process_t)(modsec_rec *msr, const char *buf,
            unsigned int size, char **error_msg);
typedef int (*fn_reqbody_processor_complete_t)(modsec_rec *msr, char **error_msg);

struct msre_reqbody_processor_metadata {
    const char                       *name;
    fn_reqbody_processor_init_t       init;
    fn_reqbody_processor_process_t    process;
    fn_reqbody_processor_complete_t   complete;

/* -- MSRE Function Prototypes ---------------------------------------------- */

msre_var_metadata DSOLOCAL *msre_resolve_var(msre_engine *engine, const char *name);

int DSOLOCAL msre_parse_generic(apr_pool_t *pool, const char *text, apr_table_t *vartable,
    char **error_msg);

apr_status_t DSOLOCAL msre_parse_vars(msre_ruleset *ruleset, const char *text,
    apr_array_header_t *arr, char **error_msg);

char DSOLOCAL *msre_format_metadata(modsec_rec *msr, msre_actionset *actionset);

/* -- Data Cache -- */

struct msre_cache_rec {
    int                      hits;
    int                      changed;
    int                      num;
    const char              *path;
    const char              *val;
    apr_size_t               val_len;

struct fuzzy_hash_chunk {
    const char *data;
    struct fuzzy_hash_chunk *next;

struct fuzzy_hash_param_data {
    const char *file;
    struct fuzzy_hash_chunk *head;
    int threshold;