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.. _threadpool:

Thread pool work scheduling

libuv provides a threadpool which can be used to run user code and get notified
in the loop thread. This thread pool is internally used to run all file system
operations, as well as getaddrinfo and getnameinfo requests.

Its default size is 4, but it can be changed at startup time by setting the
``UV_THREADPOOL_SIZE`` environment variable to any value (the absolute maximum
is 1024).

.. versionchanged:: 1.30.0 the maximum UV_THREADPOOL_SIZE allowed was increased from 128 to 1024.

The threadpool is global and shared across all event loops. When a particular
function makes use of the threadpool (i.e. when using :c:func:`uv_queue_work`)
libuv preallocates and initializes the maximum number of threads allowed by
``UV_THREADPOOL_SIZE``. This causes a relatively minor memory overhead
(~1MB for 128 threads) but increases the performance of threading at runtime.

.. note::
    Note that even though a global thread pool which is shared across all events
    loops is used, the functions are not thread safe.

Data types

.. c:type:: uv_work_t

    Work request type.

.. c:type:: void (*uv_work_cb)(uv_work_t* req)

    Callback passed to :c:func:`uv_queue_work` which will be run on the thread

.. c:type:: void (*uv_after_work_cb)(uv_work_t* req, int status)

    Callback passed to :c:func:`uv_queue_work` which will be called on the loop
    thread after the work on the threadpool has been completed. If the work
    was cancelled using :c:func:`uv_cancel` `status` will be ``UV_ECANCELED``.

Public members

.. c:member:: uv_loop_t* uv_work_t.loop

    Loop that started this request and where completion will be reported.

.. seealso:: The :c:type:`uv_req_t` members also apply.


.. c:function:: int uv_queue_work(uv_loop_t* loop, uv_work_t* req, uv_work_cb work_cb, uv_after_work_cb after_work_cb)

    Initializes a work request which will run the given `work_cb` in a thread
    from the threadpool. Once `work_cb` is completed, `after_work_cb` will be
    called on the loop thread.

    This request can be cancelled with :c:func:`uv_cancel`.

.. seealso:: The :c:type:`uv_req_t` API functions also apply.